Analysis: the United States keeps a foothold in Afghanistan

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Just a year ago, the Taliban marched on Kabul and regained power in Afghanistan. Their very rapid arrival precipitated the departure of the American troops. But it is clear that the United States remains very closely linked to Afghanistan.

This Monday, August 15, the Taliban are chanting victorious songs in front of the former American embassy in Kabul. They are delighted to have taken over the reins of power and to have precipitated the departure of American troops from Afghanistan a year earlier. However, the Americans remain committed to the country, in the name of the fight against terrorism, respect for human rights and minorities, but also economic recovery.

Two weeks ago, Al Qaeda leader Ayman Al-Zawahiri was killed in Kabul by an American strike. It would only be a one-off action and it does not mean that the strikes will resume in Afghanistan. But the presence of the leader of the terrorist group undermines the already very bad relations between the Taliban and the Americans: “ I spoke to members of the American administration after Ayman Al-Zawahiri was found and shot dead in the center of Kabul », reports Gram Smith, consultant for the think tank International Crisis Group, interviewed by Justine Fontaine. ” And some feel betrayed, personally. But people who follow these topics closely have known for some time that the Taliban were trying to get butter and butter money. “, he continues. Indeed, the United States consider that they have not respected the 2020 Doha agreementsigned under Donald Trump and which provides, in exchange for the withdrawal of American troops, the prohibition of access to Afghan territory to jihadist groups.

► To read also: Afghanistan: Central Bank assets still frozen, no relaxation with Washington

The American shadow also weighs on the finances of Afghanistan, since Washington froze the assets of the Afghan Central Bank. More than 70 economists from around the world, including Nobel Prize winner Joseph Stiglitz, have called on President Joe Biden to release these funds to help Afghans who are 95% hungry. Negotiations are underway, but they move very slowlysays Gram Smith. It is terrible, because the World Bank and others explain that it is not possible to solve the humanitarian crisis without solving the economic crisis first. However, one of the ways of doing this is to release the frozen assets of the Central Bank “. To less than three months from the midterm elections in the United States, the risk, for President Joe Biden, would be to appear as the one who makes concessions to the Taliban regime, by unfreezing his assets. He should still postpone his decision.

Mexico: outbreak of violence linked to organized crime

At least 11 people, including a 4-year-old child, were killed in Ciudad Juarez, on the border with the United States, in a series of attacks which targeted businesses, reports El País. In the states of Jalisco and Guanajuaro, the press reports fires and roadblocks, organized by drug cartels. In recent days, a wave of violence has descended on the Mexico, prompting the authorities to react. The army has been deployed in the affected towns. Mexican President, Andres Manuel Lopez Obradortook the floor himself, pointing out that for the first time, innocent civilians were targeted.

The Innucadie Festival in Canada, a bridge between Indigenous and Quebec cultures

After his visit to Canadaa few weeks ago, Pope Francis recognized a “ genocide » in the drama of residential schools for natives. Between the end of the XIXe century and the 1990s, tens of thousands of indigenous children had been torn from their families, interned in these boarding schools, largely run by the Catholic Church, for the purpose of ” assimilation “. This historic episode is still very painful for First Nations communities. For some time now, Canada has taken initiatives to promote reconciliation.

In Quebec, in Natashquan, a small village of Acadian descendants, 1,300 kilometers from Montreal, the Innucadie festival tries to bring together Aboriginal and Quebec cultures in one place, with stories, songs, to promote dialogue. Report by Pascale Guericolas.

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Recently announced by the Minister Delegate for Overseas Territories, the ” unique sargassum algae control structure is now on track in Martinique.


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